American International Journal of Social Science

ISSN 2325-4149(Print), ISSN 2325-4165(Online) DIO: 10.30845/aijss

The Improvement of the Competencies (Abilities) of the Mayors of the Lithuanian Municipalities: The Opinion of the Experienced Mayors
Algirdas Astrauskas, Kristina Celke

The article discusses the importance of the competencies for the public sector organizations and institutions, especially for their leaders (managers) in uncertain conditions. It highlights research by P. Bernth?l, K. Cook, and ?. Smith (2001), showing a close relationship between leadership competencies and organizational effectiveness. The core competencies of the leaders (managers) of the public/private sector organizations are strategic thinking, operational management, leadership, organizational skills, analysis, accountability, communication and conflict management. These competencies are very important for ensuring success as well as efficiency of the public/private sector organizations. That’s why the scientific research focuses on the specific competencies (abilities) need by the mayors of the Lithuanian municipalities. The scientific research conducted in 2023 revealed the mayors (elected in 2019) needs of competencies (abilities) such as strategic thinking, operational management, leadership, organizational skills, analysis, accountability and conflict management. Various training methods were used in 2019-2023 to strengthen these competencies (abilities), including open seminars, lectures and self-study. Looking ahead to 2023-2023 term, it was expected that the newly (in 2023) elected mayors (with the new role in a structure of the Lithuanian municipality) would have and improve competencies (abilities) such as organizational skills, leadership, conflict management and communication. The article also emphasizes the importance of the continuous improvement of the competences (abilities) of the mayors of the Lithuanian municipalities in order to adapt to ever changing conditions. The study found that introductory training programs are necessary for newly (in 2023) elected mayors, with many respondents favoring specialized courses and regional based training formats. Overall, the study highlighted the importance of specific competencies for effective leadership in public sector organizations and highlighted the need for continuous improvement of these competences to ensure successful operation of these organizations in uncertain conditions.

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