American International Journal of Social Science

ISSN 2325-4149(Print), ISSN 2325-4165(Online) DIO: 10.30845/aijss

Effects of Non-Tariff Measures on Turkey’s Exports to the European Union
Mehmet Alagöz, Onur Ceylan

Turkey and the European Union (EU) are two economies that have long term economic relations with each other. The EU is major trading partner of Turkey so that foreign trade policies implemented by the EU is expected to affect export performance of Turkey directly. Non-tariff measures are trade policy instruments which have gained importance after the Global 2008 crisis. Effects of non-tariff measures imposed by the EU on industrial products between 2002-2007 years and standards imposed by the EU that covers maximum level of food contaminants in agricultural products between 2001-2014 years on export performance of Turkey in related products is analyzed in the study. Results show that non-tariff measures and food contaminant standards imposed by the EU mostly caused decreases on Turkey’s export performance. Moreover, Turkey is out of the EU market or about to stay out of the EU market in several agri-food products because of food contaminant standards. However there are some products that the export performance of Turkey continued to increase after the standard declarations.

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